The Phrygian civilisation has a unique and distinctive place among all of the civilisations inhabited since 2000BC. The Hitites reigned the region for 500 years starting at 1700BC; during the decline of the empire, the Phrygians migrated to Anatolia from West. Following a “dark” period existed for a 400 years, the Phrigian reign commenced “enlightment” and became a formidable state during the King Midas’ sovereignty. It is believed that the Phyrigians inhabited Afyon at those times. They became Anatolian like their predecessors the Hitites and built many intriguing and significant monuments and artifacts such as Mother Goddess Temple relics, temple walls, cults and tombs. Especially Göynüs Valley at the north side of Afyonkarahisar and the rock monuments located in Aslantaş, Yılantaş, Matlaş, Kapıkaya at Döger Region. Although losing their political power in late 6th c.BC, Phyrigian culture, religion, mythology existed centuries and Phryigian was existed and used for a millenia within Afyonkarahisar Peninsula.
After the Phyrigians who have built the World’s most unique rock monuments, during the reign of the Roman Empire hand-carved settlements such as Metropolis, Bin İnler, İnpazarcık, Ornas; fortifications such as Avdalaz, Demirli, Bayramaliler, Asarkale; burial chambers in Selimiye, Alanören, Dervent, Elicek, religious sites i.e. Kirkinler and subterranean settlements like Yedikapılar were built.